The Island of Bali

The Indonesian archipelago has 13,677 islands. The capital Jakarta is located on the island Java. The entire population of the Republic of Indonesia amounts to approximately 240 million residents.

The island Bali is located in the heart of the group of islands; 8 degrees to the south of the equator on 115 degrees of eastern length. In addition, Bali belongs to the group of the small Sunda-islands.

The island of Bali (5,501 km²) is of volcanic origin and has 4 big volcanoes (the biggest one is Gunung Agung and reaches a height of 3,412 m). A greater plane is located in the south, which has at the same time the highest population density. The north of Bali, its centre is the former capital Singaraia, is thinly populated.


Currently, 3,4 million residents live on the island of Bali, of whom 90% are Hindu. The capital of the island of Bali is Denpasar, which forms a large unit with the villages Kuta, Legian and Keroborkan. Bali consists of a total of 8 administrative districts (Badung, Gianyar, Bangli, Tabanan, Klungkung, Karangasem, Buleleng and Jembrana), but additionally Denpasar is its own administrative district. Economically, the tourism is the principal source of income. Moreover, Bali exports coffee, dried seaweeds, tuna and spices (predominantly vanilla). With regard to self-sufficiency, the cultivation of rice is of the utmost importance (“green belt” in the south of the mountains).


From May to September is dry season. During the day the temperature is about 29-30°C and during the night, it is approximately 25°C. These midsummer-like but agreeable temperatures are optimal for a semester abroad.


The rainy season from October to April has hardly higher temperatures, but most Europeans suffer from the high humidity of approximately 95%. Usually, the sun is shining, but there are short, heavy showers several times a day. With regard to the choice of the accommodation, the investment in air-condition might be advisable for those who suffer from the tropic temperatures of this season.

Because of the proximity to the equator, the sun shines relatively regularly from 6.30 am to 6.30 pm. In the south of Bali the water temperature is about 27°C.